Poor vision of a patient with diabetic retinopathy results from damage to the small blood vessels that nourish the retina, leading to hemorrhage in the eye. This disease is one of the most common causes of blindness and develops in patients with diabetes, so people with diabetes are recommended to regularly visit their eye doctor. The longer a person struggles with diabetes, the greater the likelihood of retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy results in a number of symptoms that should not be underestimated. The names “Diabetic eye disease” is used in relation to changes in the eye occurring in the course of diabetes, resulting from hyperglycemia. Diabetic retinopathy means serious pathological changes in the retina. The main reason for these adverse changes in the eyes of people with diabetes is the lack of metabolic control of diabetes (high glucose levels). Other risk factors of diabetic retinopathy is a long history of diabetes, aging, hypertension, high cholesterol, the coexistence of diabetic nephropathy, cataract surgery and pregnancy in women with so-called. Prepregnancy diabetes (does not apply to diabetes, which first appeared during pregnancy).
Onset and treatment
The main symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include: transient disorders of refraction, the emergence of spots, chronic pain, redness of the eye, gradual loss of vision, sudden painless loss of vision, visual field defects, impaired night vision.
Some basic tests that will help diagnose diabetic retinopathy include: Visual acuity examination, color vision testing, and examination of the eyes, taking a photograph of the bottom of the eye.
Retinopathy diagnosed in the early stage does not need treatment, but a more advanced stage of this eye disease of may require medicine injections or laser treatments. However, you should still attend your annual eye examinations in order to monitor the progress of retinopathy.
If you suffer from diabetes, and experience any changes in your vision, please contact your eye specialist immediately.