The dry eye syndrome (or Keratoconjunctivitissicca) is an eye disease caused by insufficient tear production or excessive evaporation of the tear film. Its common symptoms include: scratching, feeling “sand” under the eyelids, foreign body sensation, itching, burning, redness, pain, swollen eyelids, double vision phenomenon, the accumulation of secretions in the corners of the eyes, photophobia. Dry eye syndrome is a disease prevalent throughout the world; it is affecting 5 – 6% of the population. It is estimated that nearly half of contact lens wearers are experiencing symptoms of dry eye. Discomfort while wearing contact lenses associated with dry eye syndrome is responsible for about 51% of the total abandonment of contact lenses.
Any condition, which reduces the production, changes the composition or prevents the distribution of the preocular tear film lead (POTF) may cause perceptible irritation to structures of the front surface of the eye and general vision deterioration. These conditions are usually linked to issues with the structure or function of the eyelids, cornea or conjunctiva. Depending on the severity of the symptoms people may experience deteriorating blurry vision, and may be at a higher risk of developing secondary infections or inflammation that may not respond to treatment.
Symptoms of the disease are chronic and require continuous treatment or soothing the symptoms. Treatment consists primarily of rectifying the tear film by providing a moisturizing agent in preparations called “artificial tears”. It’s a good idea to choose eye drops, which consist of components, which are similar to natural tear fluid. It is recommended to use preservative-free drops that are also safe for people with allergies and contact lens wearers. They provide optimum moisture level of the eyeball.
One of the invasive methods for treatment of dry eye is a laser treatment, which permanently closes the lacrimal points (tubules in a healthy eye draining excess tears). You can also close them temporarily for a period of several months with soluble plugs.
We perform specific tests to assist in differentiating the various forms of tear film abnormalities and identifying potential treatment strategies. Careful clinical observation, accurate diagnosis, and appropriate intervention can eliminate or minimize the delirious effects of ocular surface disorders on the quality of life.